Environmental Financial Reform

With an environmental financial reform, we are using fiscal policy and taxation to redirect towards a sustainable and fair economy and society - by reducing subsidies that harm the environment and society, by placing our tax system on a broader basis and by making the consumption of resources and the burden on the climate more expensive. The additional revenue should be used sustainably for investments in the future and social justice. 


Holger Bär




Rapid Assessment on the readiness of Indonesia towards an Environmental Fiscal Reform for greening the economy

Publicationtype Study

This report aims at assessing whether Indonesia is ready in different respects to introduce new environmental fiscal elements or to broaden and increase existing ones. To this end first the greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction as major commitment in the environmental policy is presented. General means of environmental policy instruments and more specifically of an Environmental Fiscal Reform (EFR) follow. Past experiences with EFR-elements in Indonesia are presented, supplemented by a very comprehensive presentation of international experiences. Eventually Indonesia’s readiness is assessed against several criteria. Then the concrete opportunities for the introduction and strengthening of EFR-elements are assessed. Finally, conclusions and recommendations are drawn.

Publicationclients Danida
Publication institution FOES
Publicationtags Environmental Fiscal Reform, Indonesia
Publicationdate 2011
Publicationfile 2011-12-GBG-Rapid-Assessment-on-the-readiness-of-Indonesia.pdf