Environmental Financial Reform

With an environmental financial reform, we are using fiscal policy and taxation to redirect towards a sustainable and fair economy and society - by reducing subsidies that harm the environment and society, by placing our tax system on a broader basis and by making the consumption of resources and the burden on the climate more expensive. The additional revenue should be used sustainably for investments in the future and social justice. 


Holger Bär




Ecological Steering with Value-Added Tax and Taxes on Consumption

Publicationtype Policy Brief

The current design of some taxes sets a number of ecological disincentives - for example, it encourages the consumption of environmentally harmful products and provides little incentive for more sustainable behaviour. A research project of FÖS with the Öko-Institut and the Environmental Policy Research Centre (Forschungszentrumfür Umweltpolitik) of the FU Berlin shows a large number of construction sites for a greening of the tax system and analyses their effects. The policy paper provides an initial overview of the results of a research project for the Federal Environment Agency. The research examined, for example, the reform of VAT on animal products, a coffee tax exemption for sustainable and fair coffee, the introduction of a cement and air freight tax or a deposit on lithium-ion batteries to promote a circular economy.

Publicationclients Umweltbundesamt
Publication institution FÖS, FFU (Forschungszentrum für Umweltpolitik), Öko-Institut e.V.
Publicationdate 2021
Publicationfile 2021-06_FFU_FOES_OeI_Report_Ecological_Fiscal_Reform.pdf