Environmental Financial Reform

With an environmental financial reform, we are using fiscal policy and taxation to redirect towards a sustainable and fair economy and society - by reducing subsidies that harm the environment and society, by placing our tax system on a broader basis and by making the consumption of resources and the burden on the climate more expensive. The additional revenue should be used sustainably for investments in the future and social justice. 


Holger Bär




Fossil Fuel to Renewable Energy: Comparator Study of Subsidy Reforms and Energy Transitions in African and Indian Ocean Island States

Publicationtype Study

This report analyses the impacts of fossil fuel energy in the multiple dimensions of sustainability, modelling the relationships, externalities, and opportunities that a transition to a new energy paradigm can offer, based on energy conservation, efficiency and low-carbon renewable sources. It first explores the “sustainability doughnut“ as an integrative model, which facilitates the overlaying of policy choices, including energy-related ones, with the economic, social and environmental sustainability impacts they have.

With policy-relevance as key objective, the report makes a series of general and country-specific recommendations, underlining the most important policy areas of fossil fuel to renewable energy (FFRE) transition for the island states.

Publicationclients United Nation Office for Sustainable Development
Publicationtags Energy Transition, Island States
Publicationdate 2015
Externalfile https://unosd.un.org/sites/unosd.un.org/files/ffre_islands_comparator_study_2015_printed_version_0.pdf